Motivation of Voluntary Activity and Personal World Assumptions of the Youth

  • Marina M. Solobutina
  • Margarita Nesterova
Keywords: Motivation, Volunteer Activity Motivation, World Assumptions, Purpose-in-Life Orientations, Volunteers


The paper presents results of research of volunteer
activity motivation for young people in interrelation
with world assumptions of a person. As a hypothesis of
the study, it was suggested that the motivation for
volunteer activity in the adolescence period is
grounded on certain world assumptions and personal
values. The study used the following methods: the
World assumptions scale (R.Janoff-Bulman); and the
Purpose-in-Life Test (J.Crumbaugh & L.Maholic). A
semantic differential has been developed to study the
motivation of volunteer activity. With the help of
factor analysis, two leading motivations of volunteer
activity were revealed: motives of personal growth and
idealistic motives. The study was a comparative
analysis of the studied indicators in a group of
volunteers and in a group of young people not engaged
in volunteer activity. It was determined that the
motivation of volunteers in teens is based more on
external factors (positive attitude of others, social
significance, social contacts) and is not determined by
deep world assumptions of the individual. The value of
the "I" depends more on the idealistic beliefs and the
personal orientation toward their support than on the
meaningfulness and fruitfulness of one's own life.